Temporary Page


aardvarks, ant bears

Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Aardvark (Orycteropus afer) in Serengeti NP, Tanzaniaaardvark
Classification after McKenna & Bell 1997.
Containing group: Eutheria

Other Names for Tubulidentata


Arnason, U., A. Gullberg, and A. Janke. 1999. The mitochondrial DNA molecule of the aardvark, Orycteropus afer, and the position of the Tubulidentata in the eutherian tree. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 266: 339-345.

Benirsch, K., D. H. Wurster, R. J. Low, N. B. Atkin. 1970. Chromosome complement of aardvark, Orycteropus afer. Chromosoma 31:68-&.

DeJong, W. W., A. Zweers, and M. Goodman. 1981. Relationship of aardvark to elephants, hyraxes and sea cows from alpha-crystallin sequences. Nature 292:538-540.

Madsen, O., P. M. T. Deen, G. Pesole, C. Saccone, and W. W. deJong. 1997. Molecular evolution of mammalian aquaporin-2: Further evidence that elephant shrew and aardvark join the paenungulate clade. Molecular Biology and Evolution 14:363-371.

McKenna, M. C. and S. K. Bell. 1997. Classification of Mammals Above the Species Level. Columbia University Press, New York.

Melton, D. A. 1976. The biology of the aardvark (Tubulidentata, Orycteropodidae). Mammal Review 6:75-88.

Nowak, R. M. 1999. Order Tubulidentata. Pages 1048-1049 in: Walker's Mammals of the World. Sixth Edition. Volume II. (R. M. Nowak). Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

Pathak, S., L. Shirley, M. L. Johnson. 1980. The chromosome-banding patterns of the aardvark Orycteropus afer (Tubulidentata, Orycteropidae). Experientia 36:547-548.

Patterson, B. 1978. Pholidota and Tubulidentata. Pages 268-278 in Evolution of African Mammals. V. J. Maglio and H. B. S. Cooke, eds. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Pickford, M. 1996. Tubulidentata (Mammalia) from the middle and upper Miocene of southern Namibia. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences Serie II Fascicule A-Sciences de la Terre et des Planetes 322:805-810.

Shoshani, J., C. A. Goldman, and J. G. M. Thewissen. 1988. Orycteropus afer. American Society of Mammalogists. Mammalian Species Account 300:1-8.

Thewissen, J. G. M. 1985. Cephalic evidence for the affinities of Tubulidentata. Mammalia 49:257-284.

Thewissen, J. G. M. and D. M. Badoux. 1986. The descriptive and functional myology of the fore-limb of the aardvark (Orycteropus afer, Pallas 1766). Anatomischer Anzeiger 162:109-123.

Information on the Internet

Title Illustrations
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Aardvark (Orycteropus afer) in Serengeti NP, Tanzania
Scientific Name Orycteropus afer
Location Serengeti National Park, Tanzania
Comments Aardvarks are shy, solitary and completely nocturnal. They sleep in burrows by day and emerge to dig for termites after dark. This one was found by spotlighting on open grasslands.
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Identified By David Bygott
Behavior Foraging
Life Cycle Stage Adult
View Lateral
Copyright © 2005
Scientific Name Orycteropus afer
Location captive specimen at Frankfurt Zoo (Germany)
Comments aardvark
Creator Lloyd Glenn Ingles
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Collection CalPhotos
Copyright © 2001 California Academy of Sciences
About This Page

All Rights Reserved.

Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2000. Tubulidentata. aardvarks, ant bears. Version 01 January 2000 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Tubulidentata/15978/2000.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

edit this page
close box

This page is a Tree of Life Branch Page.

Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a branch of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a branch and a leaf of the Tree of Life is that each branch can be further subdivided into descendent branches, that is, subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

close box


Page Content

articles & notes



Explore Other Groups

random page

  go to the Tree of Life home page