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Old World monkeys

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Vervet monkeyColobus monkey in yellow fever treePatas monkey, red guenon
taxon links Not MonophyleticNot Monophyletic[down<--]Catarrhini Interpreting the tree
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The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.

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Phylogeny from Purvis (1995).
Containing group: Catarrhini

Other Names for Cercopithecidae


Benefit, B. R. and M. L. McCrossin. 1993. The lacrimal fossa of Cercopithecoidea, with special reference to cladistic analysis of Old World monkey relationships. Folia Primatologica 60:133-145.

Disotell, T. R. 1994. Generic level relationships of the Papionini (Cercopithecoidea). American Journal of Physical Anthropology 94:47-57.

Disotell, T. R. 1996. The phylogeny of Old World monkeys. Evolutionary Anthropology 5:18-24.

Disotell, T. R., Honeycutt R. L., and M. Ruvolo. 1992. Mitochondrial DNA phylogeny of the Old World monkey tribe Papionini. Molecular Biology and Evolution 9:1-13.

Fleagle J. G. and W. S. McGraw. 1999. Skeletal and dental morphology supports diphyletic origin of baboons and mandrills. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 96: 1157-1161. [Medline]

Harris, E. E. 2000. Molecular systematics of the Old World monkey tribe Papionini: analysis of the total available genetic sequences. Journal of Human Evolution 38:235-256.

Harris, E.E. and T. R. Disotell. 1998. Nuclear gene trees and the phylogenetic relationships of the mangabeys (Primates : Papionini). Molecular Biology and Evolution 15:892-900.

Harrison, T. and E. E. Harris. 1996. Plio-pleistocene cercopithecids from Kanam East, western Kenya. Journal of Human Evolution 30:539-561.

Jablonski, N. G. (ed.) 1993. Theropithecus: the Rise and Fall of a Primate Genus. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Jablonski N. G. (ed.) 1998. The Natural History of the Doucs and Snub-Nosed Monkeys. 15th International Primatological Society Congress (1994: Bali Island, Indonesia). World Scientific, Singapore.

Page, S. L., C. H. Chiu, and M. Goodman. 1999. Molecular phylogeny of old world monkeys (Cercopithecidae) as inferred from gamma-globin DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 13:348-359.

Purvis, A. 1995. A composite estimate of primate phylogeny. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B 348:405-421.

Van der Kuyl, A. C, C. L. Kuiken, J. T. Dekker, and J. Goudsmit. 1995. Phylogeny of African monkeys based upon mitochondrial 12S rRNA sequences. Journal of Molecular Evolution 40:173-180.

Whitehead, P. F. and C. J. Jolly (eds). 2000. Old World Monkeys. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 528 pp.

Zhang, Y. P. and O. A. Ryder. 1998. Mitochondrial cytochrome b gene sequences of old world monkeys: With special reference on evolution of Asian colobines. Primates 39:39-49.

Information on the Internet

Title Illustrations
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Vervet monkey
Scientific Name Cercopithecus aethiops
Location Tanzania
Comments Vervet monkey
Copyright © 1999 Greg and Marybeth Dimijian
Colobus monkey in yellow fever tree
Scientific Name Colobus
Location Lake Naivasha, Kenya
Comments in yellow fever tree
Copyright © 1999 Greg and Marybeth Dimijian
Patas monkey, red guenon
Scientific Name Erythrocebus patas
Comments Patas monkey, red guenon
Creator H. Vannoy Davis
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Collection CalPhotos
Copyright © 2001 California Academy of Sciences
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Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 1999. Cercopithecidae. Old World monkeys. Version 01 January 1999 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Cercopithecidae/16297/1999.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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This page is a Tree of Life Branch Page.

Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a branch of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a branch and a leaf of the Tree of Life is that each branch can be further subdivided into descendent branches, that is, subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

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